E-Waste and Health Hazard

1. What is E-waste?


E-Waste is electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), whole or in part, discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment, and repair processes. According to E-waste Management Rules, 2022, it is defined as “waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded”. E-waste encompasses a diverse range of electrical and electronic devices. Categories of items included in e -waste according to E-Waste Management Rules 2022 are as given below;

Detailed item wise list in each category can be seen in ‘Schedule I’ of the “E-Waste Management Rules, 2022” on CPCB website – CLICK HERE

2. E-Waste: Some Statistics


Some data related to E-Waste is as given in the below infographic;

3. Major Pollutants in E-Waste


The major pollutants of E-Waste are,

4. Health Hazard Due to Unscientific Disposal of E-Waste

Non-scientific disposal of E-Waste (such as dumping it directly in landfill) leads to the following health related problems;


  • https://www.who.int/news/item/15-06-2021-soaring-e-waste-affects-the-health-of-millions-of-children
  • Akram, R., Fahad, S., Hashmi, M. Z., Wahid, A., Adnan, M., Mubeen, M., … & Nasim, W. (2019). Trends of electronic waste pollution and its impact on the global environment and ecosystem. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26, 16923-16938.
  • Liyanage, D., & Walpita, J. (2020). Organic pollutants from E-waste and their electrokinetic remediation. In Handbook of Electronic Waste Management (pp. 171-189). Butterworth-Heinemann
  • https://environment.co/the-harmful-effects-of-e-waste-to-humans/
  • https://cpcb.nic.in/uploads/Projects/E-Waste/e-waste_rules_2022.pdf
  • https://recykal.com/2022/09/05/growing-concern-about-e-waste-in-india
  • Some help is also taken from the chatgpt.

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